What Is an Earnings Call?

Scheduled event in which a publicly traded company reports its financial results

Tunji Onigbanjo
3 min readOct 9


Photo by Yibei Geng on Unsplash

An earnings call, also known as an earnings conference call or quarterly earnings call, is a regularly scheduled event in which publicly traded companies report their financial results for a specific period, typically on a quarterly basis. These calls serve as a platform for company executives to discuss the company’s financial performance, strategies, and outlook. Earnings calls are typically accompanied by a presentation and followed by a Q&A session with analysts and investors.

Why Are Earnings Calls Important?

1. Transparency: Earnings calls provide transparency into a company’s financial health, operations, and overall performance. Investors and analysts rely on this information to make informed decisions about buying, holding, or selling a company’s stock.

2. Investor Relations: Earnings calls are a crucial part of a company’s investor relations strategy. They allow companies to communicate directly with their shareholders and the broader investment community, fostering trust and confidence.

3. Market Reaction: The information shared during earnings calls can significantly impact a company’s stock price. Positive results and outlooks can lead to stock price increases, while negative news can lead to declines.

Earnings calls typically follow a structured format:

1. Opening Remarks: The CEO or other senior executives begin by providing an overview of the company’s performance, key achievements, and strategic initiatives.

2. Financial Results: The CFO or a financial executive presents the financial results for the quarter, including revenue, earnings per share (EPS), and other relevant metrics.

3. Operational Highlights: Executives may discuss operational achievements, product launches, or market trends that impacted the company’s performance.

4. Guidance and Outlook: Companies often provide guidance for future quarters or the fiscal year ahead. This includes revenue projections, anticipated challenges, and growth strategies.